Peter Rangwe, who is a free time politician, representing the political party Socialdemokraterna (the Swedish social democratic party) claims that the figures on youth unemployment 2018 in Sweden is the lowest in 17 years. Socialdemokraterna is the now reigning party.
He also claims that Sweden received economical support by the EU in 2014, to cope with the problems that the youth unemployment created in Swedish society. Rangwe claims this on his Facebook page after a meeting with the Swedish Ministry of Employment, Ylva Johansson, in January earlier this year. The post never reveals where these figures come from.
Fact checking process
After contacting Rangwe to check where he has gotten these figures from, he states reliable sources but the figures the sources give do not match the figures Rangwe has given on his Facebook page. This leaves us with the problem that Rangwe claims that the figures on youth unemployment 2018 in Sweden is the lowest in 17 years.
According to the sources he gave us it is the lowest in 15 years, if counting from when he wrote the Facebook post. We do not know if Rangwe is aware of this, because after we began question his claim, he sent us links to support his claim (which did not support his claim) and after that he stopped responding to us.
This is problematic because if he knows he is wrong he has chosen to not correct this misinformation.
Rangwe has always stated the Swedish Ministry of Employment as his number one source. We do not know if his figures (17) comes from the Ministry, but if it does, he has chosen to not check if her figures are correct and just passed them on to the public.
Another problem is that when we have searched for sources that supports Rangwe’s claim, we have found other reliable sources that states other information on youth unemployment in Sweden 2018. Both Rangwe’s and our sources are government agencies, that are financed by the Swedish government.
Our main source is Statistiska Centralbyrån (SCB), which is an agency that supply users and customers with statistics for decision making, debate and research. Rangwe’s main source is the Swedish Ministry of Employment and the website of the Swedish government. SCB claims that the figures on youth unemployment in Sweden 2018 were the lowest figures since the first quarter of 2009, which would make it the lowest figures in 10 years. The Swedish government claims on their website that the figures on youth unemployment in Sweden 2018 was the lowest figures since 2003, which would make it the lowest figures in 15 years.
Once again this is a problem because the figures Rangwe wrote in his Facebook post is not valid by any source. Another problem is that different government agencies state different figures for the same matter. Which could be a consequence of how they have counted and construed the results of who an unemployed youth is. It could also be that the government writes that 2003 had the earlier lowest figures because it was the same political party that had the power in 2003 as in 2018 and now. SCB claims that the earlier lowest figures were in 2009 when four different political parties ruled together, without Socialdemokraterna.
Relevant or not
Rangwe also claims that Sweden received economical support by the EU in 2014, to cope with the problems that the youth unemployment created in the Swedish society. This claim is true, but we cannot see why this is relevant to his statement. In September 2014, Socialdemokraterna won the elections against previously mentioned parties. During this time the figures on youth unemployment were so high that the EU decided to give Sweden economical support to correct the problem. The decision to support Sweden was taken in 2013, and the support came in 2014 and 2015. Which means that it was Socialdemokraterna that received the money, not their opposition who ruled between 2006 and 2014.
The only reason we could find to why he felt he needed to mention this information, is because he wants to make it seem like Socialdemokraterna makes a great job creating jobs.
When we saw the Facebook post of Rangwe we asked ourself where he had gotten these figures from? Therefore we contacted him and asked for his source while we began our own research. We found the information we were looking for, but quickly realized the sources stated different figures.
After looking into this we have come to the conclusion that the government agencies that had different data results must have compiled the figures differently, therefore the different result.
However, we think that SCB is the more reliable source, because their only purpose is to present different types of figures, data and statistics like this. Therefore, we conclude that the statement that youth unemployment in Sweden in 2018 is the lowest in 17 year is mostly false.
RESEARCH | ARTICLE: Ronja Andersson, Alice Robertsson, Malin Lindberg